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Dun Laoghaire Sailing Helped Eric Tabarly Reinvent French Sailing 30 Years Ago

9th December 2017
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The Eric Tabarly-skippered trimaran Cote d’Or III racing to Dun Laoghaire in the Tag Heuer Round Europe Race 1987 The Eric Tabarly-skippered trimaran Cote d’Or III racing to Dun Laoghaire in the Tag Heuer Round Europe Race 1987 Photo: courtesy Owen McNally

In a year which has seen sailing headlines frequently dominated by uniquely French events like the Vendee Globe, the Mini-Transat and the Transat Jacques Vabre, we find ourselves analyzing yet again just why France’s special take on our sport seems to hit the spot in setting the global pace. We talk of it as though it’s a relatively new phenomenon. Yet it has been going on for decades. And it was all of thirty years ago that Dun Laoghaire first found itself right at the heart of the Francophile trend in top level sailing. W M Nixon looks back to an event which brought big time sailing sweeping into Dublin Bay.

There’s a group of veteran volunteer enthusiasts in the Royal St George Yacht Club on the Dun Laoghaire waterfront who sometimes wonder did it all really happen. Because, every so often, somebody somewhere announces that the French are becoming world leaders for popular forms of sailing which draw the crowds, and get significant numbers to have a go for themselves in the world of boats and sticks and strings and sails.

But this group in Dun Laoghaire know very well that saying the French “are becoming” the top matelots in a populist sense is way off target. They are very well aware that the French have been in that pole position for at least thirty years. And they have memories – increasingly distant memories, it has to be said, but  real memories nevertheless – of the event which brought it all home to them in a forceful way, and it was definitely all of thirty years ago.

mod 70s dublin2The MOD 70s cutting the mustard in Dublin Bay, September 2012. Photo: David O’Brien/Afloat.ie

Since then, of course, we’ve had the Round Europe Race of 1993 come to Dun Laoghaire. Then there was the unforgettable visit of the MOD 70 trimarans in 2012. And when you really want to serve up something with international appeal, Dun Laoghaire has become a venue of choice for the world Laser class.

Then too, the old granite pond serves up the biennial Volvo Dun Laoghaire Regatta, with an enviable style much appreciated by connoisseurs. But that said, when you want something which rings the bells across the sailing world, it’s the French who seem to know how best to do it, and in the popular mind it all goes back to one man, Eric Tabarly (1931-1998), who leapt to fame when he won the second Single-handed Transatlantic race from Plymouth to Newport in Pen Duick II – built to his own specifications – in 1964.

Until then, despite the rugged seamanlike reputation of Breton fishermen, the perception was that France was not really a maritime nation at all, despite having long coastlines all the way from the North Sea to the southeast corner of the Bay of Biscay, and along the Mediterranean.

But after World War II with its soul-destroying German occupation, veterans of the Resistance established the Glenans Sailing School in Brittany in 1947 to put spirit back into French youth, and by the early 1960s a new seafaring enthusiasm was in evidence in France. Eric Tabarly appeared on the scene - a young, square-jawed French naval officer, he was as brave as a lion, and in the open ocean, he could outsail the Anglophone and Nordic nations.

eric tabarly3Cometh the hour, cometh the man – Eric Tabarly was the perfect nautical hero for France in 1964

pen duick4The pet boat – the Tabarly family’s Fife cutter Pen Duick was built at Carrigaloe on Cork Harbour in 1898

In the end, it could be argued that France expected too much of him. His greatest pleasure was either in sailing his family’s 1898-built (in Cork) Fife cutter Pen Duick, or in developing his own specialist boats to his own concepts, and racing them single-handed or with a carefully-chosen crew of like-minded friends. But when he first came to Dun Laoghaire in 1987 after a dozen years as the leading icon of French sailing, he was racing as a visiting skipper on the big highly-sponsored trimaran Cote d’Or III, and he didn’t seem too comfortable in the role, while Cote d’Or certainly wasn’t winning.

Yet Tabarly’s aura is such that the fact that he raced to Dublin Bay thirty years ago is what most people remember of an extraordinary event for Dun Laoghaire. It had all started because Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown was twinned with Lorient in Brittany, and as the sailing representative on the Twinning Committee, Howard Knott of RStGYC found himself being invited to see what Dun Laoghaire could do as a stopover port for a Round Europe Race for giant multi-hulls sponsored by Swiss watch-maker Tag Heuer.

round europe course5The Tag Heuer Round Europe Race of 1987 was symbolic of a time of heady optimism for the European Project, and Dun Laoghaire was very much part of it.

In theory it was an international event, but in reality – just as with the Vendee Globe today – it was the French nautical spirit expressed in yet another way. And to give it validity, Eric Tabarly had to be one of the skippers.

That in turn set buzzers ringing in Dun Laoghaire. The council - with the energetic support of Bord Failte as it was then - gave it their full backing, and Royal St George YC had a very limited count-down period to put the entire reception show together. A committee was rustled up in jig time with Howard Knott, Brian Craig, Owen McNally, Larry Martin, Justin McKenna and Brendan Redmond, with the full backing of Commodore Dermod Ryan, and they set about providing arrangements. This meant that for several days, the old club was to go both public and international, and they did it with elan.

Fourteen multihulls raced, and their port before Dun Laoghaire was Edinburgh. Coming into Dublin Bay, the leader was Jet Services skippered by Daniel Gillard, with Elf Aquitaine sailed by Jean Morrell second. Eric Tabarly wasn’t on the podium, but that didn’t matter - he was in Dun Laoghaire, a living legend.

Thirty years ago, you’re in the previous millennium and a different universe. Once the crews hit port, there was no question of keeping themselves fit for the next leg like today’s athletes – on the contrary, most of them partied to beat the band. Dun Laoghaire’s combination of stately clubhouses and warm hospitality proved irresistible. And as icing on the cake, the hosts even organised that the skippers had a race (with crew provided) in the Water Wags, which was won by Jean Morrell in a relaxed style which made it look as though he had been racing Water Wags all his life, while Gillard was second.

evening press6Memory of lost times. The daily Evening Press of Dublin went to town on the partying which welcomed the Round Europe fleet to Dun Laoghaire in 1987

Then after a coastal race with Asgard II as the Committee Boat, they sailed on to their next port of Lorient, Dun Laoghaire began to put itself together again, and we have all moved on. These days, thirty years seems like eternity – any contemporary situation seems to change by the minute. But some things stay with us, and even though Eric Tabarly’s life ended in 1998 with a tragic seafaring accident when he was lost overboard off the coast of Wales from the hundred-year-old Pen Duick while on passage to the Fife Regatta in Scotland, there remains with us the abiding memory that here was a truly great man.

Certainly in France he is very much an inspiration, and Pen Duick is lovingly preserved, and an active participant in many events. The fact that she was built in Carrigaloe on Cork Harbour in 1898 was often in Tabarly’s thoughts, and when he won the RORC Cowes-Cork Race in 1974 with Pen Duick VI, he made a point of going up to Carrigaloe on a private visit simply to bear witness to the place where his beloved old boat had been created.

pen duick7Pen Duick VI, an Andre Mauric design of 1973 with which Eric Tabarly won the RORC Cowes-Cork Race of 1974. While in Crosshaven, he made a point of visiting Carrigaloe on Great Island where the first Pen Duick was built in 1898

As for how things have changed generally since the Round Europe fleet came into Dun Laoghaire in 1987, the French are still in their special position, but now instead of merely being there to see it happen, the Irish are much more actively involved.

Before he found his true sailing home in Australia, Gordon Maguire cut quite a dash in the French scene in events like the Tour de France a Voile. And of course Damian Foxall is very much up front in French sailing, while Marcus Hutchinson has established himself there in a singular role on the management side.

Out on the water, we have seen David Kenefick become “Rookie of the Year” in 2013 in the Figaro Solo, and there’s an impressive new wave coming along in the form of the re-directed Nin O’Leary looking to the Vendee Globe, while Tom Dolan is making his mark in the Mini-Transat, and Joan Mulloy is also very much into the French sailing system.

And on a pedestal of his own, there’s the irrepressible unsinkable Enda O Coineen. Only Enda could do what Enda does. But it’s in the French sailing context that he finds the best setting for his special spirit. And it was all of thirty years ago in Dun Laoghaire that it really came home to everyone just how rapidly French sailing was advancing into this future in which we now sail.

enda ocoineen8The unsinkable Enda O Coineen racing to international fame in Kilcullen Voyager in the Vendee Globe

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WM Nixon

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William M Nixon has been writing about sailing in Ireland for many years in print and online, and his work has appeared internationally in magazines and books. His own experience ranges from club sailing to international offshore events, and he has cruised extensively under sail, often in his own boats which have ranged in size from an 11ft dinghy to a 35ft cruiser-racer. He has also been involved in the administration of several sailing organisations.

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William M Nixon has been writing about sailing in Ireland and internationally for many years, with his work appearing in leading sailing publications on both sides of the Atlantic. He has been a regular sailing columnist for four decades with national newspapers in Dublin, and has had several sailing books published in Ireland, the UK, and the US. An active sailor, he has owned a number of boats ranging from a Mirror dinghy to a Contessa 35 cruiser-racer, and has been directly involved in building and campaigning two offshore racers. His cruising experience ranges from Iceland to Spain as well as the Caribbean and the Mediterranean, and he has raced three times in both the Fastnet and Round Ireland Races, in addition to sailing on two round Ireland records. A member for ten years of the Council of the Irish Yachting Association (now the Irish Sailing Association), he has been writing for, and at times editing, Ireland's national sailing magazine since its earliest version more than forty years ago

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