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Displaying items by tag: O'Donovan

#WorldUnder-23Rowing: Paul O’Donovan won his heat at the World Under-23 Rowing Championships in Linz in Austria today. The lightweight sculler controlled the race and though any of the top four places would have taken him through to the quarter-finals, his win gives him a better lane draw on Friday. Adam Ling of New Zealand was second, 2.66 seconds behind the UCD man.In the final race of the day, Adam Boreham also qualified for his quarter-final, finishing fourth of five in his heat of the single sculls.

World Under-23 Championships, Linz, Austria – Day One (Irish interest)

Men

Four – One Crew Directly to A Final, Rest to Repechage – Heat Two: 1 Romania 6:08.20; Australia 6:13.69, 3 Croatia 6:14.98, 4 Britain 6:15.40, 5 Ireland (R Bennett, M Wray, J Mitchell, R O’Callaghan) 6:18.48.

Single Sculls - First Four to Quarter-Finals, Rest to Repechage – Heat Five: 1 Germany 7:11.64, 2 Slovakia 7:13.99, 3 Montenegro 7:16.60, 4 Ireland (A Boreham) 7:28.36; 5 El Salvador 7:36.19.

Lightweight Single Sculls – First Four to Quarter-Finals, Rest to Repechage – Heat Four: 1 Ireland (P O’Donovan) 7:12.40, 2 New Zealand (A Ling) 7:15.06, 3 Germany (C Mertens) 7:18.66, 4 Slovakia (R Vanco) 7:21.20; 4 Canada (M Christie) 7:24.75.

Women

Four – One Crew Directly to A Final, Rest to Repechage – Heat One: 1 Australia 6:44.65; 2 Ireland (E Tormey, A Sheehan, A Keogh, L Dilleen) 6:54.39, 3 New Zealand 6:54.45, 4 United States 6:55.34, 5 Germany 6:57.42, 6 France 7:05.06. Heat Two (qualifier): 1 Russia 6:50.08.

 

Published in Rowing

# ROWING: Paul O’Donovan is the Afloat Rower of the Month for June. The UCD man had a remarkable start to his career as a senior international, beating former world champion Duncan Grant to win their heat of the lightweight single sculls at the World Cup regatta at Dorney Lake. He qualified for the final by taking second place in the semi-final, and while he found it difficult to find his rhythm in the final, the 19-year-old Skibbereen man had already made his mark. He will represent Ireland at the World Under-23 Championships in Linz in Austria later this month.

Rower of the Month awards: The judging panel is made up of Liam Gorman, rowing correspondent of The Irish Times and David O'Brien, Editor of Afloat magazine. Monthly awards for achievements during the year will appear on afloat.ie and the overall national award will be presented to the person or crew who, in the judges' opinion, achieved the most notable results in, or made the most significant contribution to rowing during 2013. Keep a monthly eye on progress and watch our 2013 champions list grow.

Published in Rowing

# ROWING WORLD CUP: Ireland’s Claire Lambe finished fifth and Paul O’Donovan sixth in their lightweight single sculls finals this morning at the World Cup regatta at Dorney Lake. In a fast race, O’Donovan stayed in contention for bronze until the closing stages: Pedro Fraga of Portugal won, with Steffen Jensen second. His fellow Dane Andrej Bendtsen made a late charge to deny Duncan Grant of New Zealand bronze.

Lambe’s race belonged to Michaela Taupe-Traer (38). The experienced Austrian took gold ahead of Leonie Pless of Germany, with Brazil’s Fabiana Beltrame making heavy weather of taking bronze despite having the favoured lane six. The lanes had been reallocated because of winds. Lambe and Ruth Walczak of Britain had disputed third with Beltrame through the middle stages of the race.

World Cup Regatta, Dorney Lake, Day Three (Irish interest)

Men

Lightweight Single Sculls – A Final: 1 Portugal (P Fraga) 6:57.02, 2 Denmark One (S Jensen) 6:59.80, 3 Denmark Two (A Bendtsen) 7:00.24; 4 New Zealand 7:00.69, 5 Germany Two 7:04.66, 6 Ireland (P O’Donovan) 7:06.69.

Women

Lightweight Single Sculls – A Final: 1 Austria (M Taupe-Traer) 7:36.62, 2 Germany (L Pless) 7:44.98, 3 Brazil (F Beltrame) 7:46.46; 4 Britain 7:47.40, 5 Ireland (C Lambe) 7:55.06, 6 Hong Kong 7:58.78.

Published in Rowing

# ROWING WORLD CUP: Paul O’Donovan continued his remarkable run at the World Cup regatta at Dorney Lake when he finished second in his Semi-Final of the lightweight single sculls this morning and qualified for tomorrow’s A Final.

The 19-year-old UCD scholarship student did not have a very fast start – that fell to Pedro Fraga of Portugal, who blasted away from the field, led all the way and won well. O’Donovan and Andrej Bendtsen of Denmark fought it out for second, with the young Irishman winning the battle before the line.

Ireland’s Katie O’Brien and Keith Connolly finished sixth in the Trunk and Arms mixed double sculls and Tom Kelly was second in the B Final of the Arms and Shoulders single sculls.

World Cup Regatta, Dorney Lake, Day Two (Irish interest)

Men

Lightweight Single Sculls – A/B Semi-Final One (First Three to A Final; rest to B Final): 1 Portugal (P Fraga) 7:21.43, 2 Ireland (P O’Donovan) 7:24.38, 3 Denmark Two (A Bendtsen) 7:25.66; 4 United States 7:36.40, 5 Denmark Three 8:06.62; Brazil did not start.

Trunk and Arms Mixed Double Sculls – A Final: 6 Ireland (K O’Brien, K Connolly) 5:18.84.

Arms and Shoulders Single Sculls – B Final (Places 7 and 8): 2 Ireland (T Kelly) 7:19.08.

Published in Rowing

# ROWING WORLD CUP: Paul O’Donovan gave Ireland lift-off at the World Cup Regatta at Dorney Lake this morning. The 19-year-old UCD student, making his World Cup debut, won his heat of the lightweight single sculls to qualify directly for the Semi-Finals. Duncan Grant of New Zealand, the red-hot favourite, took the second qualification place.

Claire Lambe will have to travel the repechage route after a third-place finish in her heat of the lightweight single sculls. With Fabiane Beltrame of Brazil winning well, direct qualification for the A Final rested on taking the second place. Ruth Walczak of Britain grabbed her chance.

Tom Kelly finished fourth in the heat of the Arms and Shoulders single sculls.

World Cup Regatta, Dorney Lake, Day One (Irish interest)

Men

Lightweight Single Sculls - Heat Two (First Two Directly to A/B Semi-Final; rest to Repechage): 1 Ireland (P O’Donovan) 7:13.89, 2 New Zealand (D Grant) 7:17.37; 3 Hong Kong 7:27.67, 4 Korea 7:28.71, 5 Brazil Two 7:30.92, 6 Japan 7:32.49.

Arms and Shoulders Single Sculls – Heat One (First Directly to Final; rest to Repechage): 4 Ireland (T Kelly) 6:31.23.

Women

Lightweight Single Sculls – Heat Two (First Two Directly to A Final; rest to Repechage): 1 Brazil (F Beltrame) 7:54.85, 2 Britain (R Walczak) 7:59.13; 3 Ireland (C Lambe) 8:07.80, 4 Paraguay 8:29.68, 5 Hong Kong 8:34.62.

Published in Rowing

# ROWING: John Keohane was the fastest man at the Ireland Trials at National Rowing Centre in Cork today. However, the Lee Valley heavyweight was just nine hundredths of a second ahead of lightweight sculler Paul O’Donovan in the Time Trial. The 19-year-old from Skibbereen was assessed to have a percentage of world’s best time in his grade of 94.8 per cent – albeit with a strong tail wind. The conditions were forecast to deteriorate as the day went on and on-the-water work was done early in the morning.

Time Trial (Selected Results)

Men - Senior/Under-23/Lightweight single sculls and pairs (1900 metres; ranked on per centage of projected world best time for each class). Selected Results.

1 P O’Donovan (lightweight) 6 mins 40.85 (94.8 per cent), 2 G O’Donovan (lwt) 6:50.10 (92.7), 3 J Keohane (heavyweight) 6:40.76 (92.4), S O’Driscoll (lwt) 6:52.87 (92.0), 5 F McQuillan-Tolan/S O’Connor (heavyweight pair) 6:25.33 (91.2), 6 D Neale (hwt) 6:46.49 (91.1), 7 L Prendergast (lwt) 7:04.10 (89.6), 8 J Mitchell/M Wray (hwt pair) 6:35.16 (89.0), 9 A Burns (lwt) 7:07.79 (88.8), 10 A Boreham (hwt) 7:04.84 (87.2).

 

Published in Rowing
# ROWING: Paul O’Donovan, who is just 18 and a lightweight oarsman on scholarship to UCD, set the fastest time in the five kilometre time trial at the National Rowing Assessment on Newry canal today. Five other lightweights recorded the next fastest times. The fastest heavyweight was Eddie Mullarkey, in seventh. Junior standards have risen appreciably and two junior 17 athletes, Conor Carmody and David O’Malley, placed 9th and 10th.
Rowing Ireland
5000m Time Trial
25th November 2012
HP Team
Nov 2012
Sex M
Values
Row Labels Time Senior % GMT Age % GMT
Paul O'Donovan (UCD) LMU23 20:07.0 82.8% 84.9%
Niall Kenny (UCCRC) LM 20:16.0 82.2% 82.2%
Mark O'Donovan (ULRC) LM 20:17.7 82.1% 82.1%
Justin Ryan (Skibbereen RC) LM 20:19.1 82.0% 82.0%
Shane O'Driscoll (CIT RC) LMU23 20:19.2 82.0% 84.1%
Gary O'Donovan (CIT RC) LMU23 20:27.5 81.5% 83.5%
Edward Mullarkey (NUIGBC) HMU23 20:38.3 79.1% 80.4%
Stephen Penny (ULRC) HM 20:41.2 79.0% 79.0%
Conor Carmody (Shannon RC) MJ17 20:44.3 78.8% 83.2%
David O Malley (St. Michaels RC) MJ17 20:49.9 78.4% 82.8%
Andy Harrington (Shandon B.C.) MJ18 20:50.1 78.4% 82.8%
Adam Boreham (Belfast BC) HMU23 20:55.2 78.1% 79.3%
Alan Prendergast (Clonmel) LMU23 20:55.9 79.6% 81.6%
John Mitchel (Lee RC) MJ18 20:56.7 78.0% 82.4%
jack smyth (St.Josephs RC) MJ17 20:56.8 78.0% 82.4%
Matthew Ryan (Skibbereen RC) MJ18 21:04.5 77.5% 81.9%
Paddy Hegarty (Skibbereen RC) MJ18 21:15.9 76.8% 81.1%
Matthew Wray (Belfast BC) HMU23 21:18.4 76.7% 77.8%
Kevin Fallon (St.Josephs RC) MJ17 21:21.2 76.5% 80.8%
Daniel Buckley (Lee RC) MJ18 21:22.8 76.4% 80.7%
James Egan (St.Josephs RC) MJ18 21:23.5 76.4% 80.6%
Gareth McKillen (RBAIRC) MJ18 21:23.7 76.3% 80.6%
Jack Casey (Shandon B.C.) MJ18 21:24.2 76.3% 80.6%
Eoghan O'Connor (Castleconnell Boat Club) LMU23 21:25.0 77.8% 79.8%
Fionnan Mcquillan-Tolan (St.Josephs RC) HMU20 21:27.8 76.1% 77.3%
Andrew Bell (UCDBC) LMU20 21:32.3 77.4% 79.3%
Aidan Kinneen (St.Josephs RC) MJ18 21:33.9 75.7% 80.0%
william yeomans (Commercial RC) MJ18 21:41.9 75.3% 79.5%
Evan Stone (Lee RC) MJ18 21:42.1 75.3% 79.5%
Rory O Sullivan (Lee RC) MJ18 21:44.2 75.1% 79.4%
Shane Mulvaney (Neptune RC) MJ17 21:53.3 74.6% 78.8%
Neil McCarthy (Cork BC) MJ18 21:55.4 74.5% 78.7%
Stephen Murphy (Cork BC) MJ17 21:58.5 74.3% 78.5%
Sam McKeown (Portadown BC) HMU20 22:06.7 73.9% 75.0%
Eoghan Whittle (Castleconnell Boat Club) MJ16 22:07.7 73.8% 78.0%
Brian Keohane (Presentation College RC) MJ17 22:07.9 73.8% 77.9%
Eoghan Fogarty (Neptune RC) MJ18 22:08.4 73.8% 77.9%
Aodhan Burns (Skibbereen RC) LMU20 22:09.1 75.2% 77.1%
Niall Crowley (Presentation College RC) MJ18 22:15.9 73.4% 77.5%
James McAfee (Bann RC) LMU23 22:18.8 74.7% 76.6%
James Blackwell (Shannon RC) MJ18 22:21.6 73.0% 77.1%
Andrew GOFF (Waterford BC) MJ16 22:26.2 72.8% 76.9%
Evan Despard (St. Michaels RC) MJ18 22:27.1 72.7% 76.8%
Colm Hennessy (Shandon B.C.) MJ16 22:32.4 72.5% 76.5%
David Keohane (Presentation College RC) MJ17 22:33.1 72.4% 76.5%
Alex Chadfield (Clonmel rc) MJ17 22:34.3 72.4% 76.4%
Luke Carroll (Shandon B.C.) MJ18 22:35.3 72.3% 76.4%
Mark Breen (Lee RC) MJ18 22:36.9 72.2% 76.3%
Ewan Murry (Portora BC) MJ17 22:48.4 71.6% 75.6%
Karl Anderson (Portora BC) MJ17 22:49.6 71.6% 75.6%
Rowing Ireland
5000m Time Trial
25th November 2012
HP Team
Nov 2012
Sean Lonergan (Clonmel rc) MJ16 22:51.1 71.5% 75.5%
Colin Finnerty (St.Josephs RC) MJ16 22:56.4 71.2% 75.2%
Jack Silke (St.Josephs RC) MJ18 22:59.0 71.1% 75.1%
Ben Robinson (RBAIRC) MJ18 23:00.3 71.0% 75.0%
Conor Horan (Neptune RC) MJ17 23:04.4 70.8% 74.8%
Michael Lawless (Colaiste Iognaid RC) MJ18 23:06.4 70.7% 74.7%
Ewan Gallagher (Athlunkard BC) MJ16 23:06.7 70.7% 74.6%
patrick munnelly (Athlone BC) MJ16 23:09.5 70.5% 74.5%
Thomas Cregan (Presentation College RC) MJ16 23:10.8 70.5% 74.4%
Charlie Murray (Cork BC) MJ17 23:16.3 70.2% 74.1%
John Higgins (Presentation College RC) MJ18 23:17.9 70.1% 74.0%
Ger McNamara (Athlunkard BC) MJ17 23:39.1 69.1% 72.9%
Barney Rix (Portora BC) MJ16 24:04.9 67.8% 71.6%
Mike O'HANLON (Waterford BC) MJ16 24:09.9 67.6% 71.4%
Kai McGlacken (Colaiste Iognaid RC) MJ16 24:11.3 67.5% 71.3%
David Neale (UCD) HM 24:23.9 66.9% 66.9%
Kevin Hogan (Colaiste Chiarain RC) MJ16 24:41.7 66.1% 69.9%
Eoghan Walls-Tuite (Colaiste Iognaid RC) MJ16 24:44.3 66.0% 69.7%
Published in Rowing

Paul O’Donovan and Holly Nixon won their single sculls semi-finals and moved confidently into the A Finals of the World Rowing Junior Championships at Dorney Lake in England today.

O’Donovan, as has been his pattern in his two races so far, did not make the decisive move until the final quarter. When he drove for the line he had to fight it out with Andrii Mykhailov of Ukraine, and the Skibbereen man won this battle.

Nixon also won her semi-final in much the same way as she had won her heat - with a procession from the start which left the others following well behind.

World Rowing Junior Championships, Dorney Lake, England (Irish interest)

Men

Junior Single Scull – Semi-Final Two: 1 Ireland (P O’Donovan) 7:04.71, 2 Ukraine (A Mykhailov) 7:05.18, 3 Switzerland (A Maillefer) 7:06.03; 4 Zimbabwe 7:06.20, 5 Azerbaijan 7:11.51, 6 Belarus 7:16.93. Afloat.ie

Women

Junior Single Scull - Semi-final One (First Three to A Final; rest to B Final): 1 Ireland (H Nixon) 7:44.21, 2 Latvia (E Gulbe) 7:49.16, 3 Italy (E Coletti) 7:51.31; 4 Japan 7:54.79, 5 Bulgaria 7:58.44, 6 Belgium 8:03.52. Afloat.ie

 

Published in Rowing

The Ireland lightweight double scull of Michael Maher and Mark O’Donovan held off Sweden to take second place in the D Final and 20th place overall at the World Cup rowing regatta in Lucerne. Hungary’s Tamas Varga and Peter Galambos were runaway winners. A huge entry of twenty-nine crews started in this event.

Sarah Dolan and Claire Lambe, the Ireland women’s lightweight double, finished fifth in their C Final, placing them 17th of the 24 crews competing.

World Cup Regatta, Lucerne – Day Two (Irish interest)

Men

Lightweight Double Scull – D Final (places 19 to 24): 1 Hungary 6:36.15, 2 Ireland 6:43.77, 3 Sweden 6:44.75.

Women

Lightweight Double Scull – C Final (Places 13 to 18): 1 Austria 7:14.01; 5 Ireland (S Dolan, C Lambe) 7:19.47

Lightweight Single Scull – Semi-Final One (First Three to A Final; rest to B Final): 1 Switzerland (P Weisshaupt) 7:56.1, 2 Ireland (S McCrohan) 7:58.65, 3 Belgium (J Hammond) 8:03.22; 4 Japan 8:09.31, 5 Canada 8:09.80, 6 Hong Kong 8:14.50.

 

Published in Rowing
Page 10 of 10

Ireland's Offshore Renewable Energy

Because of Ireland's location at the Atlantic edge of the EU, it has more offshore energy potential than most other countries in Europe. The conditions are suitable for the development of the full range of current offshore renewable energy technologies.

Offshore Renewable Energy FAQs

Offshore renewable energy draws on the natural energy provided by wind, wave and tide to convert it into electricity for industry and domestic consumption.

Offshore wind is the most advanced technology, using fixed wind turbines in coastal areas, while floating wind is a developing technology more suited to deeper water. In 2018, offshore wind provided a tiny fraction of global electricity supply, but it is set to expand strongly in the coming decades into a USD 1 trillion business, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). It says that turbines are growing in size and in power capacity, which in turn is "delivering major performance and cost improvements for offshore wind farms".

The global offshore wind market grew nearly 30% per year between 2010 and 2018, according to the IEA, due to rapid technology improvements, It calculated that about 150 new offshore wind projects are in active development around the world. Europe in particular has fostered the technology's development, led by Britain, Germany and Denmark, but China added more capacity than any other country in 2018.

A report for the Irish Wind Energy Assocation (IWEA) by the Carbon Trust – a British government-backed limited company established to accelerate Britain's move to a low carbon economy - says there are currently 14 fixed-bottom wind energy projects, four floating wind projects and one project that has yet to choose a technology at some stage of development in Irish waters. Some of these projects are aiming to build before 2030 to contribute to the 5GW target set by the Irish government, and others are expected to build after 2030. These projects have to secure planning permission, obtain a grid connection and also be successful in a competitive auction in the Renewable Electricity Support Scheme (RESS).

The electricity generated by each turbine is collected by an offshore electricity substation located within the wind farm. Seabed cables connect the offshore substation to an onshore substation on the coast. These cables transport the electricity to land from where it will be used to power homes, farms and businesses around Ireland. The offshore developer works with EirGrid, which operates the national grid, to identify how best to do this and where exactly on the grid the project should connect.

The new Marine Planning and Development Management Bill will create a new streamlined system for planning permission for activity or infrastructure in Irish waters or on the seabed, including offshore wind farms. It is due to be published before the end of 2020 and enacted in 2021.

There are a number of companies aiming to develop offshore wind energy off the Irish coast and some of the larger ones would be ESB, SSE Renewables, Energia, Statkraft and RWE.

There are a number of companies aiming to develop offshore wind energy off the Irish coast and some of the larger ones would be ESB, SSE Renewables, Energia, Statkraft and RWE. Is there scope for community involvement in offshore wind? The IWEA says that from the early stages of a project, the wind farm developer "should be engaging with the local community to inform them about the project, answer their questions and listen to their concerns". It says this provides the community with "the opportunity to work with the developer to help shape the final layout and design of the project". Listening to fishing industry concerns, and how fishermen may be affected by survey works, construction and eventual operation of a project is "of particular concern to developers", the IWEA says. It says there will also be a community benefit fund put in place for each project. It says the final details of this will be addressed in the design of the RESS (see below) for offshore wind but it has the potential to be "tens of millions of euro over the 15 years of the RESS contract". The Government is also considering the possibility that communities will be enabled to invest in offshore wind farms though there is "no clarity yet on how this would work", the IWEA says.

Based on current plans, it would amount to around 12 GW of offshore wind energy. However, the IWEA points out that is unlikely that all of the projects planned will be completed. The industry says there is even more significant potential for floating offshore wind off Ireland's west coast and the Programme for Government contains a commitment to develop a long-term plan for at least 30 GW of floating offshore wind in our deeper waters.

There are many different models of turbines. The larger a turbine, the more efficient it is in producing electricity at a good price. In choosing a turbine model the developer will be conscious of this ,but also has to be aware the impact of the turbine on the environment, marine life, biodiversity and visual impact. As a broad rule an offshore wind turbine will have a tip-height of between 165m and 215m tall. However, turbine technology is evolving at a rapid rate with larger more efficient turbines anticipated on the market in the coming years.

 

The Renewable Electricity Support Scheme is designed to support the development of renewable energy projects in Ireland. Under the scheme wind farms and solar farms compete against each other in an auction with the projects which offer power at the lowest price awarded contracts. These contracts provide them with a guaranteed price for their power for 15 years. If they obtain a better price for their electricity on the wholesale market they must return the difference to the consumer.

Yes. The first auction for offshore renewable energy projects is expected to take place in late 2021.

Cost is one difference, and technology is another. Floating wind farm technology is relatively new, but allows use of deeper water. Ireland's 50-metre contour line is the limit for traditional bottom-fixed wind farms, and it is also very close to population centres, which makes visibility of large turbines an issue - hence the attraction of floating structures Do offshore wind farms pose a navigational hazard to shipping? Inshore fishermen do have valid concerns. One of the first steps in identifying a site as a potential location for an offshore wind farm is to identify and assess the level of existing marine activity in the area and this particularly includes shipping. The National Marine Planning Framework aims to create, for the first time, a plan to balance the various kinds of offshore activity with the protection of the Irish marine environment. This is expected to be published before the end of 2020, and will set out clearly where is suitable for offshore renewable energy development and where it is not - due, for example, to shipping movements and safe navigation.

YEnvironmental organisations are concerned about the impact of turbines on bird populations, particularly migrating birds. A Danish scientific study published in 2019 found evidence that larger birds were tending to avoid turbine blades, but said it didn't have sufficient evidence for smaller birds – and cautioned that the cumulative effect of farms could still have an impact on bird movements. A full environmental impact assessment has to be carried out before a developer can apply for planning permission to develop an offshore wind farm. This would include desk-based studies as well as extensive surveys of the population and movements of birds and marine mammals, as well as fish and seabed habitats. If a potential environmental impact is identified the developer must, as part of the planning application, show how the project will be designed in such a way as to avoid the impact or to mitigate against it.

A typical 500 MW offshore wind farm would require an operations and maintenance base which would be on the nearby coast. Such a project would generally create between 80-100 fulltime jobs, according to the IWEA. There would also be a substantial increase to in-direct employment and associated socio-economic benefit to the surrounding area where the operation and maintenance hub is located.

The recent Carbon Trust report for the IWEA, entitled Harnessing our potential, identified significant skills shortages for offshore wind in Ireland across the areas of engineering financial services and logistics. The IWEA says that as Ireland is a relatively new entrant to the offshore wind market, there are "opportunities to develop and implement strategies to address the skills shortages for delivering offshore wind and for Ireland to be a net exporter of human capital and skills to the highly competitive global offshore wind supply chain". Offshore wind requires a diverse workforce with jobs in both transferable (for example from the oil and gas sector) and specialist disciplines across apprenticeships and higher education. IWEA have a training network called the Green Tech Skillnet that facilitates training and networking opportunities in the renewable energy sector.

It is expected that developing the 3.5 GW of offshore wind energy identified in the Government's Climate Action Plan would create around 2,500 jobs in construction and development and around 700 permanent operations and maintenance jobs. The Programme for Government published in 2020 has an enhanced target of 5 GW of offshore wind which would create even more employment. The industry says that in the initial stages, the development of offshore wind energy would create employment in conducting environmental surveys, community engagement and development applications for planning. As a site moves to construction, people with backgrounds in various types of engineering, marine construction and marine transport would be recruited. Once the site is up and running , a project requires a team of turbine technicians, engineers and administrators to ensure the wind farm is fully and properly maintained, as well as crew for the crew transfer vessels transporting workers from shore to the turbines.

The IEA says that today's offshore wind market "doesn't even come close to tapping the full potential – with high-quality resources available in most major markets". It estimates that offshore wind has the potential to generate more than 420 000 Terawatt hours per year (TWh/yr) worldwide – as in more than 18 times the current global electricity demand. One Terawatt is 114 megawatts, and to put it in context, Scotland it has a population a little over 5 million and requires 25 TWh/yr of electrical energy.

Not as advanced as wind, with anchoring a big challenge – given that the most effective wave energy has to be in the most energetic locations, such as the Irish west coast. Britain, Ireland and Portugal are regarded as most advanced in developing wave energy technology. The prize is significant, the industry says, as there are forecasts that varying between 4000TWh/yr to 29500TWh/yr. Europe consumes around 3000TWh/year.

The industry has two main umbrella organisations – the Irish Wind Energy Association, which represents both onshore and offshore wind, and the Marine Renewables Industry Association, which focuses on all types of renewable in the marine environment.

©Afloat 2020

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