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Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM), Ireland’s seafood development agency is today urging every seafood business who trades with or through Great Britain, no matter how small his or her operations, to continue to familiarise themselves with the impacts any new rules or processes will have on his or her operations and supply chains.

Jim O’Toole, CEO BIM, acknowledged the dual challenge the COVID-19 pandemic and Brexit is having on the sector and said:

“The focus of BIM and other state agencies including the SFPA is to continue to provide support and guidance to the sector during this challenging time. By working together and taking action now, we can reduce the impact of Brexit as much as possible. Brexit has changed the way many seafood businesses operate and they need to be ready for this change.”

Any seafood business that has not already done so, is being urged to complete BIM’s Brexit Readiness Assessment questionnaire. The short questionnaire takes less than 5 minutes to complete and can signpost businesses to the steps they need to take to get Brexit ready. The assessment questionnaire covers customs and revenue, registrations, supply chain, financial management.

BIM’s online Brexit hub also includes guidance and financial support for seafood businesses. These include access to funding to support businesses that are importing/exporting products to Great Britain.

For more information go to  the BIM Brexit hub

Published in Fishing
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Lifeboat crew at Castletownbere RNLI were launched yesterday afternoon (Saturday 2nd January) at 15:30 to assist an 11-metre fishing boat which had lost power 18 miles south west of Castletownbere Harbour in West Cork.

The lifeboat, under coxswain Aaron O’Boyle, was launched within minutes and located the stricken vessel 51 minutes later. The Castletownbere-based fishing boat had three people on board none of whom required medical attention. On scene, there was a three-metre swell and force 5/6 north-westerly winds. The volunteer lifeboat crew attached a tow rope and proceeded to tow the vessel to Castletownbere harbour where it was berthed at the pier at just before 8.00 p.m.

This was the first call-out for Castletownbere lifeboat with Coxswain Aaron O’Boyle (above) in commandThis was the first call-out for Castletownbere lifeboat with Coxswain Aaron O’Boyle (above) in command

Commenting on callout Castletownbere RNLI Lifeboat Operations Manager Paul Stevens said, ‘This was the first shout for the station in 2021 and the first call-out with Coxswain O’Boyle in command. He and the volunteer crew undertook the rescue with great skill and efficiency and there was a positive outcome.

Published in RNLI Lifeboats
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As details emerge on the full negative impact of Brexit on the Irish fishing industry, two Wexford skippers have called for the appointment of a dedicated minister for marine. 

Scallop skippers Will Bates and Seamus Molloy who fish from Kilmore Quay have welcomed Taoiseach Micheál Martin’s appeal for “progressive ideas” from the fishing industry. 

However, they have said the government must have a Cabinet member whose sole task is to provide leadership in relation to the difficulties facing the Irish marine sector.

Seamus Molloy - Kilmore Quay fishermanSeamus Molloy - Kilmore Quay Scallop fisherman. Screenshot: Sean Moroney

Ireland must start “taking back”, given that it will represent some 12 per cent of EU waters – but with “30 per cent of fishable waters”, the fishermen have said.

"Ireland should seek a share of the bluefin tuna quotas allocated to other EU member states"

As a first step, Ireland should seek a share of the bluefin tuna quotas allocated to other EU member states, given that the migratory fish spend up to four months off this coast, they say.

Under the Brexit deal finalised on Christmas Eve, the EU is handing back 25 per cent of its share of the catch in British waters. 

There will be a five-and-a-half-year transition period, after which both sides will hold annual negotiations on some 100 shared stocks from 2026.

Seán O'Donoghue, chief executive of the Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO), said the deal demonstrated the “duplicitous nature of the protracted negotiations” and that the “repeated guarantees” given to Irish fishermen had effectively been shredded.

The four and a half years of agreements have for all intent and purposes been “dishonoured by the negotiators” the KFO leader has said.

The reaction of the Kilmore Quay skippers can be heard on Wavelengths below

Published in Wavelength Podcast

A potentially serious incident involving a fishing vessel in Kerry’s Blasket Sound could have been avoided if there were adequate facilities in the wheelhouse to make hot drinks, a report has found. 

Five crew onboard the 23m trawler Dearbhla had a narrow escape, when their vessel struck rocks off the north-west of Inis na Bró in the Blaskets on May 14th last.

The skipper was able to manoeuvre the vessel into deeper water, but it was found to have sustained substantial damage on its stern and under the bow when it was examined later in Bere Island Boatyard, Co Cork.

The Dearbhlá was on its way from Ros-a-Mhil, Co Galway to Howth, Co Dublin via the Kerry coast with a relief skipper when the incident occurred at about 4.10 am on May 14th. 

The Marine Casualty Investigation Board (MCIB) report into the incident records that there was a moderate northerly breeze when the vessel left Ros-a-Mhíl on the evening of May 13th, decreasing to light winds with good visibility and slight sea state.

The vessel was northwest of Sybil Point at 3 am when the skipper called a crewmember, named “A” in the report, to take over the wheelhouse watch and instructed him to proceed through Blasket Sound.

The skipper had gone to his bunk when crew member “A” changed course and then went to the tea station in the crew mess to make a cup of tea 

Before leaving the wheelhouse, he switched off the watchkeeper alarm, which is timed to give an audible sound every ten minutes to ensure the watchkeeper remains alert.

The crewman forgot to turn back on the watch alarm when he returned with his tea, and fell asleep shortly after. There was no one else on the bridge, and the bridge watch alarm was switched off also.

The vessel was on autopilot, and making a speed of 8.7 knots, but a course change was required before it reached the Blasket island of Inis na Bró.

When the fishing grounded on rocks on the northwest peninsula of Inis na Bró, the skipper was called immediately and the crew alerted 

The report says the skipper manoeuvred the fishing vessel away from the rocks, and the crew investigated the damage – establishing that there was no water ingress, and no vibration felt from the propulsion system.

As the skipper didn’t think the vessel was in danger, the emergency services were not alerted, and he continued at reduced speed while a continuous assessment was made 

After the skipper contacted the owner at 8 am, the vessel was re-routed to Berehaven for inspection and damage assessment at Bere Island Boatyard, arriving at 9am. 

On May 15th, the vessel was inspected by a Marine Survey Office (MSO) surveyor, who detained it on the grounds of the damage to the bow and stem and expired certification.

The MCIB report says that “by falling asleep whilst on watch in the wheelhouse, the watchkeeper did not make the necessary course alteration to keep the vessel in safe and navigable waters” 

It says the incident may have been averted if the required course change to navigate Blasket Sound safely was better supervised, and if there were adequate facilities in the wheelhouse to make beverages and allow watchkeepers to take light refreshments 

It also says it may have been averted if the watchkeeper alarm panel keyed switch facility had been used as intended by its designer.

It says that “no evidence was provided demonstrating that the crew had received adequate training to reduce the risks of endangering the health and safety of the crew or preventing accidents”.

It recommends the Minister for Transport should remind owners and operators of fishing vessels of the need for training under the Merchant Shipping (Safety of Fishing Vessels) (15 – 24 metres) Regulations 2007, particularly relating to health and safety and accident prevention.

It also says the minister should remind owners and operators of the obligation to notify the MSO Chief Surveyor when a vessel has been involved in a marine casualty.

 It recommends the minister issue a marine notice to remind vessel owners and operators to ensure “all navigation is planned in adequate detail, and that passage plans, with contingency plans where appropriate, are compiled and made known to the crew”. 

These contingency plans and procedures should include provision for a grounding event or collision incident, it says.

Download the full report here.

Published in MCIB

A “Brexit concession” by the EU to Britain on fish stocks should be extended to all coastal states including Ireland, according to a leading Irish industry organisation.

The Irish South and West Fish Producers’ Organisation (IS&WFPO) says that the EU has created a “new fisheries policy” in accepting the principle of “zonal attachment” in negotiations with Britain.

Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue has confirmed quota cuts will be imposed for some fish species from April, after a temporary three-month quota rollover ends on March 31st.

He has said the Government is still assessing the fisheries deal and has said the industry will be supported. 

Under the Brexit deal, Britain will formally leave the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) after a five-and-a-half-year transition period, during which EU fleets will continue to have access to British waters.

However, the EU share of catches will fall by up to 25 per cent, after which both sides will hold annual negotiations.

The IS&WFPO said Taoiseach Michael Martin and Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue appeared to support the principle of “zonal attachment” in recent media interviews. 

Under “zonal attachment”, the share of stock within a particular coastal state’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) over a year is taken into account in calculating total catches.

Britain had argued strongly for this principle to be accepted by the EU in the final stages of the Brexit negotiations – replacing the existing CFP system based on relative stability. 

IS&WFPO chief executive Patrick Murphy said his organisation was calling on the Taoiseach to “treat the fishermen in Irelands EEZ no differently to fishermen in the United Kingdom (including Northern Irish fishermen)”. 

Patrick Murphy of the Irish South and West Fish Producers’ OrganisationPatrick Murphy of the Irish South and West Fish Producers’ Organisation Screenshot via Oireachtas TV

“ Fish in our waters must now also be governed under zonal attachment, and must not be taken from Irish fishermen and given to others, while ignoring the plight of our coastal communities,” he said.

Irish fish stocks should not be “used a bargaining chip to satisfy political agendas at home and abroad and used to bargain for others trade interests”, he said.

The Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) has condemned the deal as unacceptable, with a highly developed Irish mackerel fishery standing to lose out “dramatically”.

KFO chief executive Sean O’Donoghue said on Christmas Eve that the deal would “require very close examination and analysis”.

“Make no mistake – we will be seeking compensation from our EU colleagues to put right this grievous wrong,” he said.

“We won’t accept this. Moreover, we fully expect the Irish government to deliver the requisite compensation in the form of transfer of mackerel quota from the other EU coastal states which, pro-rata, have seen a much less severe impact on their respective mackerel fisheries,” Mr O’Donoghue said.

Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation CEO Sean O'DonoghueKillybegs Fishermen’s Organisation CEO Sean O'Donoghue

Britain’s National Fisheries Federation of Fishermen’s Organisations has described the deal as a “bit of a fudge”, and has said fishing has been “sacrificed to other national objectives”.

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon also accused the Tory government of selling out Scottish fishermen, tweeting "promises they knew couldn't be delivered, duly broken." 

The British Government's Scottish Secretary Alister Jack, who described the deal as "great news for Scotland's businesses", said the agreement would “ensure that our fishermen, and our coastal communities, will flourish outside of the EU's unfair Common Fisheries Policy”. 

Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney is due to brief Cabinet on the deal today.

According to the Department of Foreign Affairs, Ireland’s EEZ comprised 10 per cent of the EU’s EEZ, while Britain comprised 17 per cent before Brexit.

After Brexit, Irish waters will comprise 12 per cent of EU waters, it has said.

Published in Fishing
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Marine Minister Charlie McConalogue says that the EU Fishing industry will, unfortunately, have to concede some of the fish previously caught in UK waters arising out of the agreement between the EU and the UK on their future relationship.

The Minister has acknowledged the need to support fishing communities to address the negative impacts of the deal.  Irish Fishing groups have been quick to deliver their response that now includes a demand for a Mackerel quota transfer as compensation over a ‘Poor’ Brexit trade deal.

Minister Charlie McConalogue says the impact of the deal will be much less than what the UK was demanding throughout, and right up to the end of these negotiations, but he was acutely conscious that these quota reductions will affect important parts of Ireland’s fishing industry. He confirmed that the Government will work hard with the industry to do all it can in supporting and addressing these challenges.

Minister McConalogue added: "I greatly appreciate the input of fishing industry representatives throughout the negotiation process ensuring that Ireland always spoke with one voice. I would like to reassure stakeholders that the Government fully understands their concerns regarding a cut in a number of quota shares, and we will work together with the sector to develop the necessary supports and approach to address these impacts. We will also examine the wider economic impacts on the agri-food and fisheries sectors that will arise, and consider the development of appropriate and targeted supports, including through engagement with the European Commission on the Brexit Adjustment Reserve.”

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 As Brexit negotiations continue over fisheries, comments made by former taoiseach Bertie Ahern on the issue have angered a leading Irish fishing industry spokesman 

Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) chief executive Sean O’Donoghue said he had contacted Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue over remarks made on RTÉ Radio earlier this week by Mr Ahern.

Speaking on the Today with Claire Byrne show on the Brexit negotiations, Mr Ahern said he thought Britain “probably has a few arguments” in relation to fisheries.

Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) chief executive Sean O’DonoghueKillybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) chief executive Sean O’Donoghue

Mr Ahern noted that Britain was being asked to stick to quotas set between 1973 and 1978, and Ireland had “never been happy” with the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) (dating from 1983) either.

He said that Denmark, Holland and France catch about 550,000 tonnes of fish in British waters, and Britain “only catches 94,000 tonnes in EU waters”.

“So I think they have an argument in that, “Mr Ahern said, and he believed this should be an issue for compromise by the EU.

The fishing industry represents only a fraction of a percentage of the British economy, and it is “not going to make a huge difference”, he said

In spite of British press reports about gunboats policing their waters, Mr Ahern said he believed Britain was more concerned about the financial issues involved in the so-called “level playing field”. 

His remarks were part of a wider discussion on Brexit on the December 14th edition of Today with Claire Byrne.

Mr O’Donoghue said he was very disappointed in Mr Ahern’s “off the cuff remarks” as he had failed to make it clear that any concessions to Britain would displace vessels into Irish waters.

He also said that Mr Ahern had made the same mistake as many politicians, in failing to recognise that sovereignty of waters and of fish stocks were two separate issues, given that many fish stocks migrate and do not recognise borders.

“Britain was awarded 90,000 tonnes in seven species ten years after it joined the EU, due to third country agreements where the EU bought rights to fish in non-EU waters,” Mr O’Donoghue said.

“It also benefited from the so-called Hague Preferences, and that means that it has benefited by at least a billion euro a year over the last ten years as a result of these concessions,” Mr O’Donoghue said.

“Britain has no jurisdiction over straddling stocks – waters and fish are two different things,” Mr O’Donoghue said.

"The fisheries issue in the Brexit talks has focused interest in Ireland on how badly the country is treated under the current Common Fisheries Policy".

A former Irish diplomat has separately warned that Ireland is likely to get a “raw deal” on fish from Brexit, and this will fuel “growing disenchantment” with Brussels.

Mr Bassett, Ireland's former ambassador to Canada, Jamaica and the Bahamas, told Express.co.uk: "The fisheries issue in the Brexit talks has focused interest in Ireland on how badly the country is treated under the current Common Fisheries Policy.

"This is very uncomfortable for the Government and the pro-EU lobby.

“The possibility, or more likely the probability that Ireland's meagre fish ration in its own waters may even be further reduced to cater for French, Spanish and Dutch fishing interests displaced by Brexit, is causing consternation,” Mr Bassett says.

Such circumstances would trigger demands in Ireland for the Common Fisheries Policy to be scrapped, putting Taoiseach Micheal Martin in an awkward position politically.

Mr Bassett added: "It again shows how short-sighted Ireland's policy was of throwing its lot in with the EU during Brexit.

Published in Fishing
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There has been a mixed Irish reaction to this year’s EU fish council, after a three-month “rollover” of catch allocations was agreed to facilitate ongoing Brexit negotiations.

EU ministers agreed to allocate total allowable catches (TACs) and quotas based on 2020 levels for a number of stocks for three months – but pledged to reconvene next month.

Ministers were faced with an impossible decision in setting annual TACs and quotas, due to uncertainty over access to British waters.

Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue welcomed the agreement, but environmental non-governmental organisations including Birdwatch Ireland said it would encourage overfishing.

Minister for the Marine Charlie McConalogueMinister for the Marine Charlie McConalogue

Mr McConalogue said the “rollover” allocated 25 per cent of this year’s TACs for the majority of stocks until the end of March 2021.

He said that a “higher rollover” of up to 65 per cent had been applied to “certain migratory stocks that are fished mainly during the first few months of the year, and are of particular importance to Ireland”.

He said he “supported this common-sense approach which will ensure continuity for our fishing industry without prejudicing the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on the future relationship with the UK”.

Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) chief executive Sean O ‘Donoghue also said that it was the only option that ministers could take.

Mr O’Donoghue welcomed the pelagic species allocation, but noted that these stocks would normally have 90 per cent of their total TAC set for the first three months of the year and received 73 per cent of that amount instead.

Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) chief executive Sean O‘DonoghueKillybegs Fishermen’s Organisation (KFO) chief executive Sean O‘Donoghue

There was also uncertainty over the key prawn fishery on the Porcupine Bank off the Irish south-west coast, he said.

Mr McConalogue said that Commissioner Sinkevičius “understood that the quota made available in the important prawn fishery in the Porcupine Bank would not be adequate to support the planned fishery”.

“The Commissioner committed to work with me during January to deliver an amendment that will allow this fishery to continue under its normal pattern,” he said, noting it was a “very important issue for me”.

“There are other complex strands to the negotiations around shared stocks, of which there are 119 out of 146 divided with the UK,” Mr O’Donoghue pointed out.

“ This will require a bilateral with the UK, and also a trilateral between the EU, Norway and the UK, as well as a bilateral between EU and Norway. None of these negotiations has happened due to the protracted Brexit backdrop,” he said.

The EU Fisheries Commissioner Virginijus Sinkevičius stated that he regretted that ministers were “not fully willing to take into account the scientific advice”.

The NGO Our Fish criticised the ministerial agreement on fish, saying it was “a shameful move that undermines global progress towards achieving a healthy ocean and the EU's commitment to sustainable fisheries management”

Our Fish programme director Rebecca Hubbard said it would cause overfishing which would prove “difficult to reverse”.

“Of the TACs set for approximately 30 EU-only fish stocks, it appears that around 30% have been set above scientific advice for sustainable limits, as provided by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES),” she said.

BirdWatch Ireland’s policy officer Fintan Kelly said that the Irish Government “continues to fail when it comes to matching their rhetoric on sustainability with actions”.

“Ireland continues to undermine science and drive overfishing at EU fisheries negotiations,” he said.

“ This is despite the fact that overfishing has driven the collapse of many important Irish stocks, with serious impacts on sea life and the fishing communities that depend on them to make a living,” he said.

He cited as one example the collapse of the Celtic Sea herring fishery.

“ With everything that is going on with COVID-19 and Brexit, the collapse of fish populations is the last thing the fishing sector needs,” Mr Kelly said.

“Decision-making blinkered by short-term profits is killing the life in our seas and threatening the future viability of fishing communities. We need a new approach which recognizes that profitable fisheries are dependent on healthy fish stocks,” he said.

Published in Fishing
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The Marine Minister Charlie McConalogue T.D., has welcomed the agreement reached at the EU Council of Fisheries Ministers in Brussels overnight to set quotas for fish stocks for the first three months of 2021.

The Minister said, “Our fisheries sector has faced unprecedented challenges during 2020. We have the uncertainty relating to the potential severe impacts of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU that has been hanging over our heads since 2016. In addition, of course this year, the sector has had to cope with the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic on our seafood markets.”

The Minister added, “There is still no agreement to date with the UK on a future relationship, including fisheries, and therefore no agreement on the how we collectively manage our shared stocks. In the absence of such an agreement, we need interim arrangements to ensure continuity of fishing by our fleets in the early part of the New Year. The issue was to get those arrangements in place to allow us to open our fisheries on 1 January. In addition, for a small number of key fisheries, I secured arrangements taking into account that a high proportion of the fishery occurs in the first quarter of the year. “

Fisheries Ministers agreed to set interim Total Allowable Catches (TACs) and quotas for the first quarter of 2021 based on a “rollover” of 25% of the 2020 TAC levels for the majority of stocks. A higher rollover has been applied to certain migratory stocks that are fished mainly during the first few months of the year and are of particular importance to Ireland.

Minister McConalogue said, “I supported this common-sense approach which will ensure continuity for our fishing industry without prejudicing the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on the future relationship with the UK. It was vital to me that the percentage rollover for those stocks that we traditionally fish in the early part of the year were sufficient. I am very pleased that this was achieved for the early season or migratory stocks of mackerel, blue whiting and horse mackerel.”

The Minister went on to say that, “Commissioner Sinkevičius understood that the quota made available in the important prawn fishery in the Porcupine Bank would not be adequate to support the planned fishery. The Commissioner committed to work with me during January to deliver an amendment that will allow this fishery to continue under its normal pattern. This was a very important issue for me and will ensure that our fishermen can plan in the normal way for the early part of the year.”

The Minister thanked the Commissioner for his constructive approach to the negotiations “Commissioner Sinkevičius and the German Presidency listened to the concerns which I set out in relation to the issues facing Irish fishermen during these difficult times. The agreement reached at Council today will ensure that our fish stocks are managed sustainably and that our fleets can continue to fish in the New Year.”

A further Council will be held to finalise the TACs for the remainder of 2021. This will take place early in the New Year, following consultations with the UK and Norway on shared stocks.

Published in Fishing
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A “heroic herring” which manages to avoid hungry, cod, dolphins and supertrawlers is the “star” of an online game released by a non-governmental organisation in advance of next week’s EU fisheries council.

The game entitled “Ocean Uprising” has been devised by the “Our Fish” campaign, which says it is dedicated to ending overfishing and restoring a healthy ocean ecosystem.

“By inviting the public to follow the adventures of our caped herring crusader, we hope that Ocean Uprising can spread awareness of the connection between healthy fish stocks and a healthy ocean, as well as the destructive impact that overfishing is having on our ocean and climate,” Our Fish programme director Rebecca Hubbard says.

Participants are asked to sign a petition calling for an end to destructive overfishing and addressed to the European Commission, EU Council and member states.

The EU fisheries council is due to open on December 15th and 16th, but this year’s quota talks are overshadowed by the continuing Brexit negotiations - with fisheries one of three key sticking points as of this week.

More here

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Page 8 of 63

Royal National Lifeboat Institute (RNLI) in Ireland Information

The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is a charity to save lives at sea in the waters of UK and Ireland. Funded principally by legacies and donations, the RNLI operates a fleet of lifeboats, crewed by volunteers, based at a range of coastal and inland waters stations. Working closely with UK and Ireland Coastguards, RNLI crews are available to launch at short notice to assist people and vessels in difficulties.

RNLI was founded in 1824 and is based in Poole, Dorset. The organisation raised €210m in funds in 2019, spending €200m on lifesaving activities and water safety education. RNLI also provides a beach lifeguard service in the UK and has recently developed an International drowning prevention strategy, partnering with other organisations and governments to make drowning prevention a global priority.

Irish Lifeboat Stations

There are 46 lifeboat stations on the island of Ireland, with an operational base in Swords, Co Dublin. Irish RNLI crews are tasked through a paging system instigated by the Irish Coast Guard which can task a range of rescue resources depending on the nature of the emergency.

Famous Irish Lifeboat Rescues

Irish Lifeboats have participated in many rescues, perhaps the most famous of which was the rescue of the crew of the Daunt Rock lightship off Cork Harbour by the Ballycotton lifeboat in 1936. Spending almost 50 hours at sea, the lifeboat stood by the drifting lightship until the proximity to the Daunt Rock forced the coxswain to get alongside and successfully rescue the lightship's crew.

32 Irish lifeboat crew have been lost in rescue missions, including the 15 crew of the Kingstown (now Dun Laoghaire) lifeboat which capsized while attempting to rescue the crew of the SS Palme on Christmas Eve 1895.

FAQs

While the number of callouts to lifeboat stations varies from year to year, Howth Lifeboat station has aggregated more 'shouts' in recent years than other stations, averaging just over 60 a year.

Stations with an offshore lifeboat have a full-time mechanic, while some have a full-time coxswain. However, most lifeboat crews are volunteers.

There are 46 lifeboat stations on the island of Ireland

32 Irish lifeboat crew have been lost in rescue missions, including the 15 crew of the Kingstown (now Dun Laoghaire) lifeboat which capsized while attempting to rescue the crew of the SS Palme on Christmas Eve 1895

In 2019, 8,941 lifeboat launches saved 342 lives across the RNLI fleet.

The Irish fleet is a mixture of inshore and all-weather (offshore) craft. The offshore lifeboats, which range from 17m to 12m in length are either moored afloat, launched down a slipway or are towed into the sea on a trailer and launched. The inshore boats are either rigid or non-rigid inflatables.

The Irish Coast Guard in the Republic of Ireland or the UK Coastguard in Northern Ireland task lifeboats when an emergency call is received, through any of the recognised systems. These include 999/112 phone calls, Mayday/PanPan calls on VHF, a signal from an emergency position indicating radio beacon (EPIRB) or distress signals.

The Irish Coast Guard is the government agency responsible for the response to, and co-ordination of, maritime accidents which require search and rescue operations. To carry out their task the Coast Guard calls on their own resources – Coast Guard units manned by volunteers and contracted helicopters, as well as "declared resources" - RNLI lifeboats and crews. While lifeboats conduct the operation, the coordination is provided by the Coast Guard.

A lifeboat coxswain (pronounced cox'n) is the skipper or master of the lifeboat.

RNLI Lifeboat crews are required to follow a particular development plan that covers a pre-agreed range of skills necessary to complete particular tasks. These skills and tasks form part of the competence-based training that is delivered both locally and at the RNLI's Lifeboat College in Poole, Dorset

 

While the RNLI is dependent on donations and legacies for funding, they also need volunteer crew and fund-raisers.

© Afloat 2020

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