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Marine Science
Plastic pollution in our rivers - research has found single-use plastic bottles require UV light to break down over more than 450 years
Plastic pollution remains in river systems for much longer than previously thought, new research has found.  Microplastics may travel at less than 0.01km per hour, a University of Leicester study indicates. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), a common material for single-use plastic…
RV Tom Crean hull is completed
Ireland’s new state-of-the-art multipurpose marine research vessel, the RV Tom Crean, has recently reached a key milestone with the completion of the vessel’s hull. The RV Tom Crean consists of 32 individual hull units expertly assembled to form the hull…
James Maloney of Enterprise Ireland Centre presenting Paddy Casey of “Target Fertilisers” and Oliver Kiernan of “Brandon Bioscience” with Innovation Arena Awards this week
Marine biotech company Brandon Bioscience has won an Enterprise Ireland award for a new product that draws extracts from common brown seaweed. The extract can be used as a crop "bio-stimulant" in fertiliser, which has the potential to reduce chemical…
The 'Green' submarine and shipping charge-points powered by offshore wind turbines will receive share of a UK £23m R&D Clean Maritime Demonstration competition 
A first ever green submarine study has been named as one of fifty-five winning projects of a £23m UK Government funded R&D competition, announced today by the Transport Secretary Grant Shapps in Greenwich during the 'greenest' London International Shipping Week (LISW21).…
Multi-time Irish national surfing champion Easkey Britton is now a marine social scientist
On the publication of Easkey Britton’s memoir Saltwater in the Blood, the Irish Examiner profiles the former professional surfer-turned-marine scientist whose philosophy has taken on a new significance for many amid the pandemic. Much as Dr Britton’s current career sees…
Prof Dave Reid is a marine biologist with the Marine Institute
Professor Dave Reid of the Marine Institute received an Outstanding Achievement Award from the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES) at their virtual Annual Science Conference 2021. Prof Reid is a principal investigator in the Fisheries Ecosystems…
Map showing the location of the deep-sea moorings at the Goban Spur
A pair of scientific deep-sea moorings have been redeployed at the Goban Spur off the southwestern continental shelf. Further to the relevant Marine Notice posted in June 2020, the German Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) has successfully recovered moorings…
The mini yacht ended up on Bunes Beach that is quite isolated on the western side of Reinefjorden on the Moskenesøya island, Norway
The 1.5 metre unmanned mini sailboat called 'Seoltóir Na Gaillimhe – the Galway Sailor', that was deployed in June, was recently found stranded on the Bunes Beach above the Arctic Circle in the Lofoten Islands, in Norway. After travelling over…
Officials and volunteers at Kilmore Quay, Co Wexford at a meadow of seagrass Zostera marina from left: Austrian Ambassador HE Dr Thomas Nader has just seen his first Irish seagrass meadow. To his right: Tom Enright, Chief Executive Wexford CoCo, daughter Ashling and Cllr Lisa Mc Donald (in a wetsuit) to his left Conor McCabe PO Marine Planning DHLGH. In the background are Richard Simpson, Sinead Brennan RTE and Karin Dubsky
Environmental group Coastwatch has called on the Government to specify protection of seagrass beds in new maritime planning legislation. As The Times Ireland reports, seagrass or Zostera marina is the inshore equivalent of coral reefs or tropical rainforests in nurturing…
A Young Hearts session on Grattan Beach, Galway Bay
Sea and sky, as in the marine and astronomy, were twin themes of this year’s “Young Hearts”, a field programme involving transition year students working with senior citizens in Galway. Tutors Dr Noirin Burke of Galway Atlantaquaria, artist Vicky Smith…
Ireland’s climate is changing in line with global changes resulting in a warmer and wetter Ireland, increasing sea-level rise, and - consequentially - increasing risks of coastal flooding. ‘The Status of Ireland’s Climate 2020’ report.
The Marine Institute (MI), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Met Éireann (MÉ) have published a report on "The Status of Ireland's Climate". This is the second comprehensive analysis of "essential" climate data collected in Ireland. It confirms and updates findings…
Overhead drone image of the Marine Institute’s Lehanagh Pool research site in Co Galway
A new, free online training course in integrated multi-trophic aquaculture has been developed as part of the IMPAQT research project. Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) involves farming multiple, complementary species from different levels of the food chain together for their mutual…
New research has found ‘an almost complete loss of stability over the last century’ in the series of currents responisble for driving the Gulf Stream, which researchers call the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC)
Winters in Ireland could be as cold as Toronto in Canada if a potential collapse in the Gulf Stream happens, an Irish climate scientist has said. New German research has found “an almost complete loss of stability over the last…
Vice-Admiral Mark Mellett believes the development of offshore renewable energy may be a gamechanger for west coast ports
When Vice-Admiral Mark Mellett became head of our Defence Forces in September 2015, he was the first Navy officer to take the post. The Mayo man, who learned to sail at Rosmoney and around Clew Bay’s islands, has served several…
The SeaMonitor ocean glider being deployed at sea
The ability to track free-swimming salmon juveniles has been extended hundreds of kilometres into the open ocean using advanced robotic technology. As part of the EU INTERREG VA-funded SeaMonitor project, Dr Ross O'Neill of the Marine Institute and Kieran Adlum,…
The tail of the Humpback Whale named Orion
A new individual Humpback Whale, nicknamed ‘Orion’, has been sighted for the first time in Irish waters, approximately 60 kilometres north-northwest of Malin Head, Co Donegal. The humpback whale was sighted onboard the Marine Institute’s RV Celtic Explorer as part…

Marine Science Perhaps it is the work of the Irish research vessel RV Celtic Explorer out in the Atlantic Ocean that best highlights the essential nature of marine research, development and sustainable management, through which Ireland is developing a strong and well-deserved reputation as an emerging centre of excellence. From Wavebob Ocean energy technology to aquaculture to weather buoys and oil exploration these pages document the work of Irish marine science and how Irish scientists have secured prominent roles in many European and international marine science bodies.

 

At A Glance – Ocean Facts

  • 71% of the earth’s surface is covered by the ocean
  • The ocean is responsible for the water cycle, which affects our weather
  • The ocean absorbs 30% of the carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere by human activity
  • The real map of Ireland has a seabed territory ten times the size of its land area
  • The ocean is the support system of our planet.
  • Over half of the oxygen we breathe was produced in the ocean
  • The global market for seaweed is valued at approximately €5.4 billion
  • · Coral reefs are among the oldest ecosystems in the world — at 230 million years
  • 1.9 million people live within 5km of the coast in Ireland
  • Ocean waters hold nearly 20 million tons of gold. If we could mine all of the gold from the ocean, we would have enough to give every person on earth 9lbs of the precious metal!
  • Aquaculture is the fastest growing food sector in the world – Ireland is ranked 7th largest aquaculture producer in the EU
  • The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean in the world, covering 20% of the earth’s surface. Out of all the oceans, the Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest
  • The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. It’s bigger than all the continents put together
  • Ireland is surrounded by some of the most productive fishing grounds in Europe, with Irish commercial fish landings worth around €200 million annually
  • 97% of the earth’s water is in the ocean
  • The ocean provides the greatest amount of the world’s protein consumed by humans
  • Plastic affects 700 species in the oceans from plankton to whales.
  • Only 10% of the oceans have been explored.
  • 8 million tonnes of plastic enter the ocean each year, equal to dumping a garbage truck of plastic into the ocean every minute.
  • 12 humans have walked on the moon but only 3 humans have been to the deepest part of the ocean.

(Ref: Marine Institute)

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