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Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue has said he is “committed” to protecting inshore waters for smaller fishing vessels.

Mr McConalogue is currently appealing a recent High Court ruling which overturned a new Government policy directive to protect inshore waters.

The directive to exclude trawling by vessels over 18 metres inside the six-mile nautical limit was declared null and void by a recent High Court ruling after a judicial review challenging its validity was taken by two fishermen.

The ruling found that there had been a breach of fair procedures in relation to consultation.

Mr McConalogue has said this week that the High Court’s ruling has been appealed by the State to the Court of Appeal, with a date of December 11th set for court hearing directions.

The minister said while he could not comment on the matter, he is “committed to delivering the promises made in the Programme for Government that inshore waters continue to be protected for smaller fishing vessels and pair trawling be prohibited inside the six-mile limit”.

He was responding to a parliamentary question tabled by Independent Galway West TD Catherine Connolly.

She had asked him if he intended to conduct a second consultation process on trawling activity inside the six nautical mile zone in view of a recent High Court judgement which found that the previous consultation process was defective.

Over 900 submissions were received in response to the original public consultation in December 2018. The directive had allowed a transition period of three years for vessels over 18m targeting sprat.

This was to “enable adjustment for these vessels, as the sprat fishery is concentrated inside the six nautical mile zone”, Mr McConalogue said.

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The Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine Charlie McConalogue T.D. today welcomed a provisional agreement concluded between the European Council and European Parliament on the text of the new European Maritime Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund (EMFAF) which will disperse a €6.108 billion budget over the 2021-27 period to promote the sustainable development of the European Union’s seafood sector. Following final legal and technical scrutiny of the agreed text, the proposal will go to the EU Council and the EU Parliament for endorsement, with enactment expected early in 2021.

Welcoming the deal, Minister McConalogue said, “Following a positive engagement between the Council and Parliament over the past year, I am very pleased to note that a provisional agreement has now been reached on the new EU Fund to replace the EMFF for the next seven years 2021-27. Ireland is set to receive some €142 million of EU funds from the new Fund, to be combined with co-funding from the Government of Ireland, which I will discuss with Minister McGrath. This is very good news for Ireland’s fishermen, fish farmers, processors and coastal communities. The departure of the UK has significantly reduced the overall EU budget, so it is all the more pleasing that we have succeeded in broadly maintaining funding for our seafood sectors at the previous high levels.”

Minister McConalogue added, “My Department has been working hard to put together a new Seafood Development Programme for the 2021-27 period and this development will allow the remaining elements of that Programme to be advanced, in consultation with our stakeholders, with a view to the adoption of the new Programme later in 2021.”

The European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund (EMFAF) for the period 2021-2027 amounts to 6.1 billion EUR (6.108 billion EUR in current prices). Some 5.3 billion EUR will be allocated for the management of fisheries, aquaculture and fishing fleets, while the remaining sum will cover measures such as scientific advice, controls and checks, market intelligence, maritime surveillance and security.

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As efforts continue to agree a final Brexit deal, two Wexford fishermen have outlined on RTÉ Radio Countrywide how devastating loss of access to British waters will be.

British prime minister Boris Johnson met European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen on Saturday in an attempt to break a deadlock reached late last week on three issues - fisheries, fair trade and dispute resolution. 

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier and British lead negotiator David Frost are due to resume their talks in Brussels today, and Ms Von der Leyen and Mr Johnson have agreed to speak again on Monday evening. 

“Brexit is going to affect every port and harbour where fishing is the lifeblood of communities,” Will Bates (43), a third-generation fisherman from the Co Wexford port told RTÉ Radio Countrywide.

Bates, whose grandfather also ran the ferry to the Saltee islands bird colony, said quotas in Irish waters were not enough to sustain him and many other Irish vessels.

Return of all British quotas

Former Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM) technologist Dr Peter Tyndall has said that Ireland should be ensuring that it secures return of all British quotas previously held in Irish waters. 

This would provide some recompense for loss of an area that represents some 34 per cent of total Irish landings annually, Dr Tyndall said, pointing out the current situation highlighted the consequences of a poor deal secured by Ireland in the original Common Fisheries Policy.

Fishing time in British waters

Speaking to RTÉ Radio after returning from scallop fishing in Cardigan Bay off the Welsh coast, Mr Bates estimated that he spends 60 per cent of his fishing time in British waters. 

Kilmore Quay also has a prawn fleet which risks losing access to the Smalls basin – one of only two substantial prawn grounds, the other being the Porcupine Basin off the west coast.

Fellow Wexford fisherman Seamus Molloy (45), from Piercetown, pointed out that while Ireland has ten per cent of total EU waters on paper, rich spawning grounds make it far more significant in practice. 

“After Britain leaves, we will have 15 per cent of EU waters, but we have 30 per cent of fishable waters, because Spain and Portugal have fished out their inshore areas,” Mr Molloy said.

Molloy and Bates said they feared Irish stocks were being used as a bargaining tool, where EU fleets excluded from British waters would be allocated extra catch off the Irish coast. 

“Ireland has the resource which the other states lack,” they said.

The Kilmore Quay community worked with Sean Moroney on a film posted last month on YouTube which also outlines their concerns.

A week ago, British negotiator Lord David Frost rejected an EU offer to hand back 18 per cent of fishing quotas.

Britain is seeking 80 per cent, and there were reports that EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier had offered a compromise of 60 per cent.

France confirmed on Friday that it would veto a deal if it was not satisfied with it, while Mr Johnson was warned by Eurosceptic Tory MPs not to give any more ground.

The Daily Telegraph reported that both sides thought a deal was close on Thursday, with Britain allowing the EU to keep almost 50 per cent of its current quotas at the beginning of a multi-year transitional period, after which Britain would allocate quotas on an annual basis. 

However, the newspaper said the stalemate arose when the EU then demanded "total access" to British waters for 10 years and also reverted to its original offer of giving back just 18 per cent of its current quotas to Britain. 

Hear the full RTE Radio Countrywide interview with the Kilmore Quay skipper here

And watch the YouTube video: 

Who Owns the Seas? Fishermen of Kilmore Quay speak their minds

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The Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Charlie McConalogue T.D, today attended a virtual meeting with EU Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier in relation to the current state of play in the negotiations on a fisheries agreement with the UK. The meeting involved Fisheries Ministers from EU Member States most impacted by the UK withdrawal from the EU, including Ministers from France, Germany, Spain, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands and Belgium.

Ministers welcomed Mr Barnier’s strong commitment to the link between the overall economic partnership and the conclusion of a fishing agreement. Minister McConalogue urged Mr Barnier to stay firm on this and not to agree to any short-term arrangement on fisheries which would serve to break this link.

Minister McConalogue again stressed that “Ireland’s fishing industry needs a strong and stable EU/UK Fisheries agreement. Our fishing industry is in a particularly vulnerable position as Ireland shares its main fish stocks and its waters on three sides with the UK and needs to retain access to UK waters and to shared resources.”

The Minister also emphasised that any outcome in the future relationship negotiations that results in a loss of quota share for the EU would be damaging to Ireland’s fishing industry. The Minister also stated that in the event of No Deal and EU vessels being denied access to UK waters Ireland could face serious difficulties arising from displacement of EU fishing activity into our zone.

Commenting afterwards on the meeting, Minister McConalogue said “I appreciated the opportunity again today to meet with Mr Barnier and outline again Ireland's serious concerns in relation to the potential impacts for Ireland’s fishing industry if a fair and balanced Fisheries Agreement with the UK is not reached. I have continued confidence that Irish and EU fishing interests will be robustly defended by Mr Barnier and his team in this late phase of negotiations.”

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Students from Norway and other countries are participating in a higher diploma in aquabusiness which is now in its fourth year in Wexford.

A total of 19 students have registered for the one-year part-time diploma in “business in aquabusiness” which is being run by Carlow Institute of Technology’s (CIT) Wexford campus.

As Afloat reported previously, the course was developed by CIT with Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM).

It is the only Fetac level eight course aimed. at the fisheries, marine and aquaculture sector in Ireland.

Numbers have doubled as the course goes from “strength to strength”, according to the college.

Students of last year’s course recently participated in an online graduation ceremony due to Covid-19.

However, some of the fisheries sector graduates gathered in a socially distant manner for a photograph at Kilmore Quay harbour, along with three Wexford campus staff and a local representative of BIM.

The course presents two annual awards in memory of late Donegal fishing industry leader Joey Murrin, and the late BIM chief executive Brendan O’Kelly.

Presentation of these awards to the latest graduates has been deferred until the public health situation improves.

CIT’s Wexford campus says that the three remaining modules for the fourth year of the higher diploma will run online from January 2021.

These modules can be taken separately as certificates.

The law and regulation modules will be covered every second Friday and Saturday from mid-January, while strategic and innovation management will run from late February.

A module in planning will be covered from mid-April.

Interested students for these subjects as certificates can contact course Amy Allen at email address [email protected]

Published in Aquaculture
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Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Charlie McConalogue T.D., today chaired a meeting of the Sea Fisheries Liaison Group of Fisheries Stakeholders to discuss the European Commission’s proposal for Fishing Opportunities for 2021. The meeting was attended by fishing industry representative bodies and environmental NGOs.

This meeting is held each year in advance of the negotiations at the December EU Fisheries Council so that the Minister can hear the views of all fisheries stakeholders on the Commission’s proposals for Total Allowable Catches (TACs) and quotas for the following year. This is an important part of the Sustainability Impact Assessment of the Commission’s proposal, which also includes a public consultation and as well as expert contributions from the Marine Institute (MI) and Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM).

Minister McConalogue said “There was the good engagement at the meeting today. This is an important opportunity for me to hear the views of stakeholders as we prepare for setting of Total Allowable Catches for Fish Stocks for 2021.”

The Minister added “The disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and the uncertainty relating to the impacts of Brexit on Fisheries has made 2020 a challenging and unprecedented year for fisheries. In these uncertain times, it is more important than ever that we work together to achieve the best possible outcome for the Irish Fishing Community while ensuring the sustainability of fish stocks.”

Minister McConalogue will present the Sustainability Impact Assessment to the Joint Committee on Agriculture and the Marine on Tuesday 1 December.

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A well-intentioned campaign by a celebrity chef to reduce dumping of unwanted fish in European waters has led to an increase in fishing quotas, according to new research.

The “unintended impact” of the European ban on discarding fish may lead to “implosion of the EU fisheries management system”, Portuguese scientist Dr Lisa Borges, who formerly worked in Ireland’s Marine Institute, says.

The “Fish Fight” campaign spearheaded by chef and food writer Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall from 2010 was designed to eradicate a system which fishermen were forced to discard unwanted catch under the EU quota system.

It was claimed up to 1.7 (one point seven) million tonnes of unwanted and juvenile fish was being discarded annually.

The first phase of the EU’s ban on discards – known as the “landing obligation” - was introduced in January 2015.

However, the paper by Dr Borges for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Journal, finds that there has been “no enforcement”, no decrease in discards, and an increase by up to 50 per cent in fish quotas to allow for implementation of the ban.

It notes that this “discrepancy” is “likely to lead to a widespread unmeasured increase in the number of fish killed each year”.

This “undermines the accuracy of scientific data”, Dr Borges, whose research was partly funded by the non-governmental organisation Our Fish and initially grant-aided under the EU Horizon 2020 programme, claims.

It will lead to what she describes as an "implosion of the EU fisheries management system”.

The discard ban requires that all caught fish are documented, counted against quotas, and landed, but there are four exemptions.

The exemptions cover species for which fishing is prohibited, fish damaged by predators, and species that have “high survival” rates after being caught.

Under a fourth exemption, known as “de minimis”, up to five per cent of the total annual catch can be discarded if deemed “very difficult” or “disproportionately” expensive to avoid catching.

Dr Borges says that even though these exemptions exist, all fish caught should still be documented.

She notes that another key condition was that TACs would be increased to account for the new landings of previously discarded fish.

She says that in a “complicated and non-transparent process”, the European Commission receives scientific advice for maximum catches from ICES, and then estimates exemptions and proposes adjusted TACs.

These adjustments have contributed to higher fishing limits, but she says that the number of granted exemptions to the European discard ban has increased, with some fisheries even gaining multiple exemptions.

An analysis of the TACs before and after the landing obligation was introduced shows that there is an average annual increase of 36% in TACs since 2015, and that this increase reached 50% in 2020 overall, above pre-landing obligation levels.

She found that for demersal (whitefish) fish species, which are often caught with less-selective gears and have a high proportion of unwanted fish, these TAC increases reached 60% for 2020 fishing limits.

Dr Borges has worked in fisheries for over 20 years, including for the research institutes of Portugal, Ireland and Netherlands, and for the European Commission, and is now director of consulting company FishFix.

Our Fish, which partly funded her research, says it works to end overfishing and restore a healthy ocean ecosystem.

The European Commission and Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine did not respond to requests for comment on the paper at the time of going to press.

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If Fungie or any similar solo bottle-nosed dolphin had a notion to settle in an Irish harbour, they could be in stiff competition for feeding on sprat and juvenile herring.

As The Irish Examiner reports today, there is mounting concern on certain parts of the coast over the environmental impact of a small number of larger Irish-registered fishing vessels working within the six nautical mile limit.

“If we are going to take the forage fish, what is left?” Irish Whale and Dolphin Group (IWDG) co-ordinator Dr Simon Berrow says.

“Catching sprat, which is a short-lived fish, and selling it for fishmeal is a race to the very bottom of the food chain,” Dr Berrow says. 

His group has called for a moratorium on sprat fishing pending further scientific research. 

Independent TD for Galway West Catherine Connolly has also called for a ban on “unsustainable fishing for sprat” 

Inshore fishingInshore sprat fishing off Atlantic coasts Photo: National Inshore Fishermen's Association

It is understood that the State’s Sea Fisheries Protection Authority (SFPA) has been alerted to the activities of several large vessels which are legally engaged in fishing for species like sprat and juvenile herring which marine mammals depend on.

A groundbreaking ban on trawling or seine fishing by vessels over 18 metres of length inside six nautical miles, introduced by former marine minister Michael Creed, was recently overturned as a result of a High Court judicial review.

Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue recently confirmed he is appealing the High Court ruling.

While welcoming the minister’s move, the National Inshore Fishermen’s Association (NIFA) and National Inshore Fishermen’s Organisation have both called for an interim “stay order” which would retain the ban, pending the outcome of the appeal.

NIFA member Michael Foley, a third-generation inshore sprat fisherman from Wexford, said that each year is more and more challenging for the inshore fleet. 

Mr Foley (52) pair trawls for sprat on his 13m Western Dawn with another similar-sized vessel.

“When I began fishing 37 years ago, there were small boats in every port, but now all you have is a handful of boats on pots,” he said.

The Irish South and West Fish Producers’ Organisation representing 53 vessels said it believed the process used by the minister Michael Creed for the initial inshore ban was “fundamentally flawed” and its view had been vindicated by the High Court.

It said it would continue to offer its services to the new minister to see if more research should be carried out by the Marine Institute and if a draft management plan for sprat was required.

A Marine Institute study on the impact of inshore fishing found that vessels over 18m in length spend two per cent of their trawling effort inside six nautical miles.

Read more in The Irish Examiner here

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Marine Minister Charlie McConalogue has lodged an appeal against large trawlers fishing Inside Ireland’s six Mile zone, saying he is committed to the sustainability of fishing in Irish waters. 

In December 2018, following a public consultation process in which over 900 submissions were received, the then Minister for Agriculture, Food and Marine announced that vessels over 18 metres will be excluded from trawling in inshore waters inside the six nautical mile zone and the baselines from 1 January 2020. A transition period of three years for vessels over 18 metres targeting sprat was allowed to enable adjustment for these vessels, as the sprat fishery is concentrated inside the six nautical mile zone.

A Policy Directive was issued by the Minister to the independent Licensing Authority for Sea Fishing Boats under Statute and was intended to give effect to the measures announced by the then Minister excluding vessels over 18 metres in length from trawling inside six nautical miles

A Judicial Review was taken by two applicant fishermen challenging the validity of the Policy.

The High Court’s ruling of Judicial Review proceedings which relate to the Policy Directive has been appealed by the State to the Court of Appeal and a stay is being sought on the orders granted therein.

Minister McConalogue said that “As this matter is sub judice, I am not in a position to comment on the Policy until the matter can be resolved before the Courts. However, I am committed to the sustainability of fishing in Irish waters and to implementing the commitment made in our Programme for Government that inshore waters continue to be protected for smaller fishing vessels and pair trawling be prohibited inside the six-mile limit.”

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When the funeral of Galway fishermen Martin and Tom Oliver left Claddagh church yesterday, the silence among hundreds of people lining the route was broken only by the roar of the river Corrib and the gentle sound of wind in canvas sails.

Three Galway Hookers had moored in the Claddagh Basin, with musician Sharon Shannon on board the deck of one of the vessels playing soft airs on her accordion.

Three Galway Hookers gathered at Claddagh ChurchThree Galway Hookers moored in the Claddagh Basin

Martin, who was almost 62, and his son Tom (37) died within 24 hours of each other after a fishing accident on their potting vessel on the north side of Galway Bay last Monday.

Mayor of Galway Mike Cubbard, who opened a book of online condolences, paid tribute to the two men as “salt of the earth” and “the best of friends”.

He noted that it was only a few weeks since he had recognised the role of Martin’s relatives, Patrick and Morgan Oliver, in rescuing two paddleboarders, Sara Feeney and Ellen Glynn, in Galway Bay last August after 15 hours at sea.

Several generations of the Oliver family have been associated with the lifeboat service, and members of the RNLI and the fishing communities along the coast and on the Aran islands travelled to pay their respects.

Galway RNLI volunteers and members of the Galway Sea Scouts formed a guard of honour outside the church, where a private Mass was celebrated by Fr Gerry Jennings of Salthill parish, assisted by Fr Donal Sweeney of the Claddagh’s Dominican community.

Afterwards, Martin’s daughter and Tom’s sister Susanne and her mother Eileen were consoled by many friends, and relatives, as the city centre came to a standstill and construction work stopped as a mark of respect.

Crew with Badóirí an Cladaigh and the Galway Hooker Sailing Club had rigged the gleoiteog Manuela - named after the late Swiss student Manuela Riedo - along with the leath-bhád Croi an Cladaigh, and the bád mór Naomh Crónán in full sail in the Claddagh basin.

A Garda escort led the cortege over Wolfe Tone bridge and around by Long Walk and into Galway docks, as people lined both sides of the streets.

Two orange flares were released on the water surface, and members of Galway Bay Sailing Club then lit hand-held flares on the dockside, where State research ship Celtic Voyager and a number of fishing and angling vessels were berthed. 

Flares were lit at Galway Docks and Harpist Flares were lit and harpist Úna Ní Fhlannagáin (left) played at Galway Docks

The rich chords of harpist Úna Ní Fhlannagáin resonated as members of the Oliver and Griffin families cast flowers at the water’s edge in bright sunshine. 

The cortege paused for a few moments at the docks, and more tears were shed before the two hearses continued up to Rahoon cemetery overlooking the city. In the graveyard, the father and son – who had been inseparable in life - were buried side by side.

Galway harbourmaster Brian Sheridan said it was a “profoundly sorrowful tragedy for the Oliver family, and the wider fishing community”.

Published in Galway Harbour
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