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Displaying items by tag: Hong Kong Squadron

#NavalService - A pair of Peacock class UK Royal Navy patrol vessels that had been based in Hong Kong, were handed over to the Irish Naval Service 30 years ago, writes Jehan Ashmore.

The pair LÉ Orla (video) the former HMS Swift (P243) and sister LÉ Ciara, ex HMS Swallow (P243) built by Hall Russell & Co (no longer in business) Scotland were commissioned for the Royal Navy. They patrolled the waters of the British colony that would itself be handed over to China in 1997.

The sleek profile pair built in 1984/5 were part of an order for five coastal patrol vessels (CPV) on station at Hong Kong. They were specifically built to serve in the RN's Hong Kong Patrol Squadron, however the pair only served three years before been brought by the Irish Government at a price considered to be a bargain, given they were almost new.

Apparently, there was friction over the acquisition of the CPV's, between the RN and the UK Government, as the navy did not have enough such vessels of this size operating in homewaters. 

It was also then rumoured the reasoning for the transfer of the CPV's to the Irish Government was due to the ongoing troubles in Northern Ireland and that of security concerns. At the time, the UK prime minister was Margaret Thatcher, leader of the Conservative Party.

The handover ceremony of the CPV's between the UK and Irish navies took place on 27 October 1988 and aptly took place back at their birthplace in Scotland, albeit at the Rosyth Naval Base on the Firth of Forth.

Following the delivery voyage of the CPV's from Scotland, it was during the following month, that an impromptu invite arose to visit the Irish Naval Service base in Cork Harbour. 

Moored abreast in the Naval Base basin was LÉ Orla and LÉ Ciara. Boarding took place that led to a busy scene as crew and contractors prepared the ships into the fleet, which increased to 7 patrol ships. Among them the Irish built flagship of the Irish Naval Service, the HPV LÉ Eithne, likewise the same age of the CPV's.

On the visit, at that stage the CPV's had already been given the new names, albeit unofficially the pair had not been commissioned into service. The LÉ Orla and LÉ Ciara proudly reflecting Irish mythological women's names given to the navy vessels, a tradition that (until more recent years) stretched to the foundation of the Irish Naval Service in 1946.

The Taoiseach, C.J. Haughey of Fianna Fail, in January 1989 paid a visit to the CPV's to commission the secondhand tonnage into service at the Naval Base on Haulbowline Island, itself a former Royal Naval Base in lower Cork Harbour.

Each of the CPV displacing 712 tons, have a crew compliment of 39 personnel (5 officers). The main armament is a 76mm OTO Melara Canon using a Radamec Fire Control System. As for propulsion plant, this is a Crossley SEMT- Pielstick Diesels delivering 14,400hp through two shafts and a speed of 25 knots plus. 

Due to their high speed, the pair's shallow draught (2.7m) made these vessels ideal for patrolling close to the rugged coastlines notably on the western seaboard. During the CPV's careers, they have been involved in some of the largest seizures of arms and narcotics in the history of this State.

According to the Defence Forces website, a notable operation of LÉ Orla took place in 1993 when the CPV conducted the biggest drug seizure in the history of the state at the time. This involved the interception and boarding at sea of the 65ft ketch, Brime.

As for LÉ Ciara, the small ship scored a notable operational success as in 1999, the CPV conducted the second biggest drug seizure in the history of the state at that time. The incident saw an interception and boarding at sea of MV Posidonia of the south-west coast. 

The pair however as Afloat reported in 2015 were out of commission for several months due to airborne asbestos being discovered in the engine rooms but all such dangerous material was removed. Also reported that year, the sisters during normal refit work at Cork Dockyard, underwent remedial work done on the funnels, cranes and air-handling units.

 

Published in Cork Harbour
20th November 2011

Anglo-Irish Relationships

#NAVAL VISITS- HMS Tyne (P281) the leadship of four River-class Fishery Protection Vessels is due to dock in Dublin Port tomorrow, in the meantime her allocated berth is currently taken by a former Royal Navy (RN) vessel now serving in the Irish Naval Service (INS), writes Jehan Ashmore.

The INS L.É. Ciara (P42) docked at Sir John Rogersons Quay (berth No.8) yesterday evening after spending the previous day with a call to Dun Laoghaire Harbour's St. Michaels Wharf. Tomorrow she is due to depart in advance of HMS Tyne's morning arrival.

Unusually she and her three sisters are leased to the RN from BAE Systems (who retain responsibility for any major maintenance and upkeep) and shipbuilding partners, Vosper Thornycroft, Southampton which built all of the River-class. To read more about the quartet click HERE.

L.É. Ciara was originally launched as HMS Swallow (P242) at Hall Russell Shipyard, Aberdeen and in 1984 was commissioned for the RN, forming one of five 'Peacock' class coastal patrol vessels (CPV). She served her entire RN career with sisters designed specifically for the Hong Kong Squadron.

In 1988 the INS purchased her alongside a sister HMS Swift (P243) and the pair set sail from the UK colony for Cork Harbour. L.É. Ciara and her sister which became L.É. Orla (P41) were commissioned into the service after a ceremony performed by An Taoiseach C.J. Haughey at the Naval Base in Haulbowline.

Amongst the eight-strong INS fleet is L.É. Emer (P21) commissioned in 1978, an improved version of the Deirdre-class offshore patrol vessel (OPV). She appeared along with a sister of the River-class ship, HMS Severn in the Irish language river series 'Abhainn' which returned to our screens on RTE 1 last month, during the episode about the River Foyle /An Feabhal. The naval vessels were attending 'Foyle Days' in May as previously reported on Afloat.ie

Published in Navy

The Half Ton Class was created by the Offshore Racing Council for boats within the racing band not exceeding 22'-0". The ORC decided that the rule should "....permit the development of seaworthy offshore racing yachts...The Council will endeavour to protect the majority of the existing IOR fleet from rapid obsolescence caused by ....developments which produce increased performance without corresponding changes in ratings..."

When first introduced the IOR rule was perfectly adequate for rating boats in existence at that time. However yacht designers naturally examined the rule to seize upon any advantage they could find, the most noticeable of which has been a reduction in displacement and a return to fractional rigs.

After 1993, when the IOR Mk.III rule reached it termination due to lack of people building new boats, the rule was replaced by the CHS (Channel) Handicap system which in turn developed into the IRC system now used.

The IRC handicap system operates by a secret formula which tries to develop boats which are 'Cruising type' of relatively heavy boats with good internal accommodation. It tends to penalise boats with excessive stability or excessive sail area.

Competitions

The most significant events for the Half Ton Class has been the annual Half Ton Cup which was sailed under the IOR rules until 1993. More recently this has been replaced with the Half Ton Classics Cup. The venue of the event moved from continent to continent with over-representation on French or British ports. In later years the event is held biennially. Initially, it was proposed to hold events in Ireland, Britain and France by rotation. However, it was the Belgians who took the ball and ran with it. The Class is now managed from Belgium. 

At A Glance – Half Ton Classics Cup Winners

  • 2017 – Kinsale – Swuzzlebubble – Phil Plumtree – Farr 1977
  • 2016 – Falmouth – Swuzzlebubble – Greg Peck – Farr 1977
  • 2015 – Nieuwport – Checkmate XV – David Cullen – Humphreys 1985
  • 2014 – St Quay Portrieux – Swuzzlebubble – Peter Morton – Farr 1977
  • 2013 – Boulogne – Checkmate XV – Nigel Biggs – Humphreys 1985
  • 2011 – Cowes – Chimp – Michael Kershaw – Berret 1978
  • 2009 – Nieuwpoort – Général Tapioca – Philippe Pilate – Berret 1978
  • 2007 – Dun Laoghaire – Henri-Lloyd Harmony – Nigel Biggs – Humphreys 1980~
  • 2005 – Dinard – Gingko – Patrick Lobrichon – Mauric 1968
  • 2003 – Nieuwpoort – Général Tapioca – Philippe Pilate – Berret 1978

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